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户外面运触动的即兴实和即兴实切磋.pdf 99页

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  北边京体育父亲学2006 届落士逝业(学位)论文

  Research on the outdoor sports on the basis of

  the academic analysis and the investigation of the practice

  ABSTRACT

  In the 1980’s, outdoor sports was introduced into China. With the development

  of the Chinese economy, outdoor sports have a great development recently. Outdoor

  sports become to be a fashion in China. Moreover, the research on the outdoor sports

  in China is very poor. Therefore the dissertation about the outdoor sports has the

  great importance. For the development of Chinese outdoor sports, the dissertation

  makes a deep study of the phenomenon with the investigation and visiting the experts.

  The main conclusions are the followings:

  1. With the industrialization and civilization of the European countries, modern

  outdoor activities become to be popularized. But only after 1970’s, some special

  outdoor activities become the kind of sports. Outdoor sports is all kinds of outdoor

  experience through physical activity under the natural environment, such as

  mountains, forest, rivers, seas, desert, altiplano, etc, in order to satisfy the

  need of improving the body, relaxing, intercommunicating and adventure. Outdoor

  sports show the main characteristics: firstly, the inosculation of relationship of

  the man and the nature during the experience. Secondly, the activity is greatly

  influenced by the outings. Thirdly, the experiences have the characteristics of

  discovery and challenge.

  2. The participants in the outdoor sports are between 26 and 35. The level of

  their education is very high. The types of careers are mainly technique people,

  manager, businessman, the level of whose income is higher. The characteristics of

  the participant's behavior are the followings: firstly, the participants have

  usually engaged the outdoor sports for 1 to 4 years. Every year they have 6 to 12

  times to experience outdoor sports.

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